- Blanchot, Maurice. The Space of Literature.
Blanchot, Maurice. The Space of Literature. Trans. Ann Smock. 1955. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 1955.
From Smock: "Literature's space is like the place where someone dies: a nowhere, Blanchot says, which is here. No one enters it, though no one who is at all aware of it can leave: it is all departure, moving off, éloignement. It is frequently called le dehors, 'the outside.' Here we might think again of the dreamer we evoked earlier in this discussion who, dreaming that he only dreams, falls back into the dream to the very degree that he has the impression of freedom from it: it could just as well be said that he never enters the dream at all; he only ever dreams he does. Literature's 'space' is likewise inaccessible and inescapable; it is its very own displacement or removal. It is the space separating this space from itself. In this strange ambiguity literature dwells, as in a preserve" (9).
- Lefebvre, Henri. The Production of Space.
Lefebvre, Henri. The Production of Space. 1974. Trans. Donald Nicholson-Smith. Oxford and Malden: Blackwell Publishers. 1991.
"(Social) space is a (social) product… the space thus produced also serves as a tool of thought and of action; that in addition to being a means of production it is also a means of control, and hence of domination, of power; yet that, as such, it escapes in part from those who would make use of it" (26).
- Relph, Edward.
Relph, Edward. Place and Placelessness. London: Pion. 1976.
Places "are fusions of human and natural order and are the significant centers of our immediate experiences of the world" (141); Place is "experienced without deliberate and self-conscious reflection yet is full with significances" (14).
- Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. "On the Line."
Deleuze, Gilles and Félix Guattari. On the Line. Trans. John Johnston. Semiotext(e). 1983.
"Make maps, not tracings. The map does not reproduce an unconscious closed on itself; it constructs it. The map is open, connectable in all its dimensions, and capable of being dismantled; it is reversible, and susceptible to constant modification. It can be torn, reversed, adapted to montages of every kind, taken in hand by an individual, a group or a social formation. It can be drawn on a wall, conceived of as a work of art, constructed as a political action or as a mediation. Contrary to a tracing, which always returns to the 'same', a map has multiple entrances." (25-26)
- Dourish, Paul. "Embodied Interaction."
Dourish, Paul. "Embodied Interaction: Exploring the Foundations of a New Approach to HCI." Xerox Palo Alto Center. 12 February 1999. 1-16.
"Embodiment is the property of being manifest in and of the every-day world. Embodiment constitutes the transition from the realm of ideas to the realm of everyday experience. This does not simply imply physical embodiment, the embodiment of desks, trees and highways, although that it perhaps the most familiar aspect of embodiment; it also extends to other aspects of our everyday world. Conversation, for example, is embodied, in more ways than simply that speech patterns are carried as physical disruptions in the air. It is embodied in the way that it happens in the world, through the engaged participation of two equally embodied people, and against a backdrop of an equally embodied set of relationships, actions, assessments and under-standings. This background situates the activity of the conversation. The setting within which the activity unfolds is not merely background, but a fundamental and constitutive component of the activity that takes place" (5).
- Grosz, Elizabeth. "The Future of Space."
Grosz, Elizabeth. "The Future of Space. Towards an Architecture of Invention." Architecture from the Outside: Essays on Virtual and Real Space. Ed. Elizabeth Grosz. MIT Press, 2001. Reprinted by STUDIO XX. 7 April 2010.
"If space and time are represented as discrete phenomena, as separate, indeed opposed, in their various qualities and attributes, then not only are the primordial processes of temporization that induce space ignored, the primitive processes of spatialization through which the notion of duration and temporality appear also fail to emerge" (113).
- Farman, Jason. Mapping the Digital Empire.
Farman, Jason. "Mapping the Digital Empire: Google Earth and the Process of Postmodern Cartography." New Media & Society 12.6 (September 2010): 869-888. DOI: 10.1177/1461444809350900
“Acceptance of the map without question to the authorial nature of its design shifts ownership of the gaze onto the map user. Approaching the world around them with the assumptions of objective empiricism, their gaze into the world becomes a scientific one, outside of the realm of critique.” (11)
- de Souza e Silva, Adriana and Jordan Frith. "Locative Mobile Social Networks."
de Souza e Silva, Adriana and Jordan Frith. "Locative Mobile Social Networks." Mobilities 5.4 (2010): 485-505. DOI:10.1080/17450101.2010.510332
"Since the popularization of camera phones and portable camcorders, it is clear that we have moved away from the Orwellian model of top-down surveillance and Foucault’s idea of the panopticon (Foucault, 1987). Indeed, Deleuze (1996) already emphasized the shift from disciplinary societies, represented by confined spaces (prison, school, hospital) and a one-to-many model of control, to the societies of control, represented by open spaces (corporations and markets) in which the control model is not as evident but is nonetheless continuous and unlimited" (497).
- Propen, Amy D. Locating Visual-Material Rhetorics.
Propen, Amy D. Locating Visual-Material Rhetorics: The Map, the Mill, and the GPS. Parlor Press, 2012.
“Maps are then partial, selective representations of the world; they are always in flux and respond to their shifting contexts and relations. Their use of lines, colors, and other graphical features are likewise responses to particular social and cultural contexts and ‘relational engagements’” (xxv) .